The uptick in attacks on Starflight's shipping was not unnoticed by the company, but, the mostly outdated systems that these piracy operatives used were easily dealt with in some cases by light escorts. The more professional mercenaries were able to take a chunk out of each convoy they hit, which made Starfleet reconsider their excessive spending on these mercenaries AND their reported militant operations. At this point it's taking too much out of their budget, and the company risks having the operations leaked by some do-gooder in the chain of command who isn't making enough money to stay shut up.
Eager to stem the tide of protests and unity amongst the citizens, the Alsinan Parliament accepts the Bastonian's...strange request for their ships and people be treated as "souls." While such a concept certainly exists in the Alsinan public consciousness, by the name of "Lycik," there's no reason for the Bastonian citizenry or wartime personnel to not be treated as such by default. As such, the Alsinan Parliament agrees to the Bastonian demand to allow the Royal Navy ships to protect the GBE's citizenry. Not like there's any reason to say "no."
However, given the other terms of the agreement, the Alsinan parliament, much of the discourse in Parliament is over whether or not the Alsinans have the duty to protect the "souls" of the GBE. Of course, being other living creatures, theiir government has the duty and ability to protect them, but within Alsinan space? There's no constitutional need to protect them, but, there is a monetary incentive. Of course, while Harthen Shipping is unwelcome in the ADL because of the older and pre-existing companies, they make more than their fair share of profits, and if it keeps lining the pockets of the politicians lined, well, a little bit of protection from pirates is more than acceptable.
Coming from close by the warpspace in which this convoy is settled lies a mercenary fleet, one by the name of "Independent Defense Solutions F-3," as they have masqueraded as an independent fleet escort force before, slowly shadowing the freighters out of their sensor range. They are some of the more average mercs hired by Starfleet, not complete professionals but much more organized and efficient than the local rush of dumb pirates who attack anything their ships are larger than, completely neglecting the fact that the larger convoys are almost always protected by equally sized units to match, and Alsinan civilian ships have more than a little defensive armament. These mercenaries are made up of a hodgepodge of ships from all over, from some once respectable Alsinan ships who were doomed to the scrapyard only having been saved through sheer happenstance, a few of the smaller Gen III Alsinan ships, and even a couple ships from unknown sources, completely controlled through AI mainframes aboard with loyalty to the main ship, a former Alsinan Akule-Class. Soon, they will launch their attack, but first...they must wait.